AUSPITZ


AUSPITZ
AUSPITZ, Moravian family connected with the gomperz and Lieben families. The name is derived from the German name of the Moravian town Hustopeče. ABRAHAM SHAYE AUSPITZ was Judenrichter (Jewish judge) in 1755 and Landesaeltester (head) of the Bruenn district from 1769. He was instrumental in curtailing the powers of the Landesrabbiner (chief rabbi) of Moravia by an imperial decree, issued in 1776. In 1781 SAMSON was elected Landesaeltester. Abraham Shaye's son LAZAR (1772–1853) established the textile industry in Bruenn and was the first to export wool from Moravia to England. With M.L. Biedermann he was instrumental in transferring the center of the wool trade from Budapest to Vienna. In 1815 he signed the petition for Jewish rights in Austria with Nathan arnstein , but himself broke with Jewish tradition. His only son SAMUEL moved to Vienna and opened a bank. Samuel left   two sons, KARL, EDLER VON ARTENEGG (1824–1912), an art patron, and RUDOLF (1837–1906), one of the leading beet sugar manufacturers in Moravia. With his cousin Richard Lieber, Rudolf published a highly regarded book on price theory (Untersuchungen ueber die Theorie des Preises, 1889; repr. 1993). He entered the Moravian Diet in 1871 and the Austrian Parliament in 1873, and became spokesman of the German Liberal Party. From 1900 he was a member of the Vienna communal board. Rudolf was a member of the parliamentary commission investigating the antisemitic riots of holesov in 1899. HEINRICH (1835–1886), who was baptized, was also a member of this family. He taught medicine at Vienna University, was a dermatologist, and wrote many works on the subject. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: T. Gomperz, Essays und Erinnerungen (1905), 4–6; W. Mueller, Urkundliche Beitraege zur Geschichte der maehrischen Judenschaft (1903), 13–22; J. Winter, Fuenfzig Jahre eines Hauses (1934); Schumpeter, in: ESS, 2 (1930), 317. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Niehansand St. Jaeggi, Rudolf Auspitz und Richard Lieben… (1993). (Meir Lamed / Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Auspitz — ist der deutsche Name der Stadt Hustopeče in Südmähren Auspitz ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Heinrich Auspitz (1835–1886), österreichischer Dermatologe Josefine Rosalie Auspitz (1873−1943), österreichische Malerin, Komponistin und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auspitz — refers to:* Hustopeče, a Moravian town (Auspitz in German) * Heinrich Auspitz, Austrian dermatologist* Auspitz s sign, named after Heinrich Auspitz * Palais Lieben Auspitz, Vienna …   Wikipedia

  • Auspitz — Souvent porté par des Juifs askhénazes, désigne celui qui est originaire d Auspitz, nom allemand de la ville tchèque de Hustopece (avec un acccent sur le c), en Moravie …   Noms de famille

  • Auspitz — (Hustopetsch), Stadt im österreichischen Kreise Brünn (Mähren), dem Fürsten Liechtenstein gehörig; Piaristencollegium mit Hauptschule, Viehhandel, Wein u. Obstbau; 3200 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Auspitz — (tschech. Hustopeč), Stadt in Mähren, an der Nordbahnlinie Wien Brünn, Sitz einer Bezirkshauptmannschaft und eines Bezirksgerichts, hat eine Landesunterrealschule, eine alte Dechanteikirche, Likörfabrik, Wein , Obst und Süßholzbau und (1900) 3597 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Auspitz — Auspitz, Bezirksstadt in Mähren, (1900) 3603 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Auspitz — Auspitz, Stadt in Mähren, Brünner Kreis, 3100 E., Piaristen Collegium, Wein und Süßholzbau, große Viehmärkte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Auspitz — Heinrich, Austrian physician, 1835–1886. See A. sign …   Medical dictionary

  • Auspitz — m. CZ Hustopeče …   Wiener Dialektwörterbuch

  • Auspitz's sign — is the appearance of punctate bleeding spots when psoriasis scales are scraped off. It is named after Heinrich Auspitz. [WhoNamedIt|synd|101|Auspitz symptom] The sign was first described by Daniel Turner, of the College of Physicians London in… …   Wikipedia


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